Main Article Content
Nephrolithiasis is one of the most common diseases of the urinary tract and its incidence has been increasing over the past years. It affects 10 to 15% of the population and it is more prevalent between the third and fifth decades of life. Beyond the clinical effects, nephrolithiasis also has a substantial economic impact. In Brazil, data from Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, SUS) showed that in 2010 approximately R$ 30 million was expended in hospital admissions related to urinary lithiasis. For this reason, a better understanding of the factors related to nephrolithiasis will improve the prevention and treatment of this condition. The aim of the current study was to model the probability of recurrent nephrolithiasis from anthropometric measures, body composition, blood chemistry, insulin resistance and 24-hours urine analysis. All the data were collected in the Outpatient Nephrolithiasis Clinic from the Hospital de Clínicas, at Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. Applying a model of binary logistic regression analysis, we were able to identify that patients with higher blood glucose, high levels of uric acid in urine and with higher percentage of body fat showed a significantly increased probability of developing kidney stones. These findings illustrate the importance of a healthy lifestyle in the maintenance of adequate glycemic control and body composition.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).