MULTILAYER PERCEPTRON ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS: AN APPROACH FOR LEARNING THROUGH THE BAYESIAN FRAMEWORK

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Suellen Teixeira Zavadzki de PAULI
Mariana KLEINA
Wagner Hugo BONAT

Abstract

The machine learning area has recently gained prominence and articial neural networks are among the most popular techniques in this eld. Such techniques have the learning capacity that occurs during an iterative process of model tting. Multilayer perceptron (MLP) is one of the rst networks that emerged and, for this
architecture, backpropagation and its modications are widely used learning algorithms. In this article, the learning of the MLP neural network was approached from the Bayesian perspective by using Monte Carlo via Markov Chains (MCMC) simulations. The MLP architecture consists of the input, hidden and output layers. In the structure, there are several weights that connect each neuron in each layer. The input layer is composed
of the covariates of the model. In the hidden layer there are activation functions. In the output layer, there are the result which is compared with the observed value and the loss function is calculated. We analyzed the network learning through simulated data of known weights in order to understand the estimation by the Bayesian method. Subsequently, we predicted the price of WTI oil and obtained a credibility interval for the
forecasts. We provide an R implementation and the datasets as supplementary materials.

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