INEQUALITY AND DISABILITY: IN STATISTICAL TERMS, WHAT ELSE DO WE NEED TO KNOW?

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Paulo Meira e Silva de OLIVEIRA

Abstract

Social inequality is the phenomenon that differentiates between people in the context of the same society, placing some individuals in structurally more advantageous conditions than others. It manifests itself in all aspects: political, economic among others. The main causes of inequality are investment lack in social areas, health and education. Among the consequences of inequality, we highlight: increased violence, poverty, delay in economic progress; hunger, destruction and infant mortality; young marginalization people, and finally; rising unemployment. Among the main inequality types, we highlight: people with and without disabilities, regions, races; income and sex. To measure this inequality, we highlight HDI, Theil and MPI. A person with a disability is any person who presents a loss or abnormality that generates an inability to perform one or more activities, and these characteristics hinder their social inclusion, access to the labor market, transportation, education, financing and training; urban and environmental barriers, and finally; ignorance of employers. Situations like these provide disabilities people with lower wages when employed, worse purchasing power, less social participation providing greater exclusion and disadvantaged situations when compared to those without disabilities. For this work we used exploratory analysis techniques considering data sets from the 2010 IBGE Census and UNDP.

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