CLUSTER ANALYSIS IDENTIFIES VARIABLES RELATED TO PROGNOSIS OF BREAST CANCER DISEASE

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Neyva Maria Lopes Romeiro
Mara Caroline Torres dos SANTOS
Carolina PANIS
Tiago Viana Flor de SANTANA
Paulo Laerte NATTI
Daniel RECH
Eliandro Rodrigues CIRILO

Abstract

This work presents a cluster analysis approach aiming to determine distinct groups based on clinicopathological data from patients with breast cancer (BC). For this purpose, the clinical variables were considered: age at diagnosis, weight, height, lymph nodal invasion (LN), tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging and body mass index (BMI). Ward's hierarchical clustering algorithm was used to form specific groups. Based on this, BC patients were separated into four groups. The Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to assess the differences among the clusters. The intensity of the influence of variables on the prognosis of BC was also evaluated by calculating the Spearman's correlation. Positive correlations were obtained between weight and BMI, TNM and LN invasion in all analyzes. Negative correlations between BMI and height were obtained in some of the analyzes. Finally, a new correlation was obtained, based on this approach, between weight and TNM, demonstrating that the trophic-adipose status of BC patients can be directly related to disease staging.

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